Non-Surgical Gum Treatments

Gum treatmentThe gums, ligaments, and bone around the teeth form the foundation for teeth. All structures are also referred to as the Periodontium. When the periodontium is not healthy, it jeopardizes the teeth just as a bad foundation would threaten the stability of a house. Signs of unhealthy periodontium include: gums that are red and bleed easily, persistent bad breath, gums that are pulled away from the tooth, loose teeth, and changes in the position or bite of the teeth.

With proper gum treatments, it may be possible to return gum tissue to a healthy state. If you’re having a problem, come in and see us so we may treat it right away. The treatment usually involves a deep cleaning or root planning done under a local anesthetic, along with local antibiotic agents. It is important to have gum problems checked promptly, as gum disease left alone may eventually need treatment through surgery or extraction.

PERIODONTAL DISEASE

For more detailed information contact your health care provider about options that may be available for your specific situation.

Periodontal disease is second only to the common cold as the most prevalent infectious ailment in the United States. It affects 75 percent of Americans over the age of 35 and is the major cause of adult tooth loss. The rate of periodontal disease increases with age, ranging from 15 percent at age 10 to more than 50 percent at age 50 years.

SYMPTOMS OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE

Periodontal means “located around a tooth.” Periodontal disease therefore can refer to any disorder of the gums or other supporting structures of the teeth.

WARNING SIGNS OF POTENTIALLY SEVERE PERIODONTAL DISEASE

Warning signs of potentially severe periodontal disease include the following symptoms:

  • Loose teeth.
  • A change in the way your teeth fit together.
  • A change in the fit of partial dentures.
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums.
  • Gums that bleed when you brush or floss.
  • Gums that have pulled away from the teeth.
  • Constant bad breath.
  • Dry mouth.
  • Bruxism

 

3 COMMON TYPES OF PERIODONTAL DISEASE



CAUSES

There are several causes for this disease

CONVENTIONAL MEDICAL TREATMENT OF PERIDONTAL DISEASE

Regular dental checkups are important in detecting peridontal disease and oral cancer. Oral cancer is a disease that strikes 30,000 Americans each year. If oral cancer is caught early, 9 out of 10 people survive.

A simple blood test can detect gum disease up to 8 months before symptoms appear, according to Dr. Jeffery Ebersole, associate professor of periodontics at the University of Texas Health Science Center. A dentist can draw a drop of blood from a finger and have it analyzed for the bacteria that cause gum disease.

Air abrasion technology, a dental technique that painlessly removes tooth decay without drilling, allows dentists to make smaller fillings and save more of the natural tooth. The new technique, considered to be a major breakthrough, does not necessitate numbing drugs or anesthesia.

If you are diagnosed with periodontal disease, your periodontist may recommend periodontal surgery. Periodontal surgery is necessary when your periodontist determines that the tissue around your teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with non-surgical treatment. Severe cases of peridontal disease may necessitate surgery to remove the infected tissue from the gum and reshape the bone. Following are the four types of surgical treatments most commonly prescribed:

If you have already lost a tooth to periodontal disease, you may be interested in dental implants – the permanent tooth replacement option. Dental implants look more natural than dentures, and many people are opting for them. Unfortunately, improperly inserted dental implants can cause or exacerbate peridontal disease. If you are interested in implants, consult an implant specialist.

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CONSIDERATIONS

  • ·  The process of periodontal disease is easier to reverse if it is caught early. It is important to know the symptoms and get regular dental check-ups for periodontal disease.
  • ·  Severe cases of periodontal disease may necessitate surgery to remove the infected tissue from the gum and reshape the bone.
  • ·  Certain illness, such as diabetes and several kinds of blood disorders, create a higher risk for developing gum disease.
  • ·  Research suggests that people who have severe periodontal disease are at greater risk of heart disease, lung disease, stroke, ulcers, poor control of diabetes, and giving birth prematurely. Studies are ongoing, regarding the effect periodontal disease has on the health of the body. It is suspected that bacteria exist in periodontal pockets may easily enter the bloodstream. So by caring for your teeth, you may also be caring for whole-body health.
  • ·  Regular intimate contact with an infected person can transmit the bacteria that cause periodontal disease.
  • ·  Smoking is a major factor in irritating the gums and mouth. It has been linked to mouth and esophagus cancer.
  • ·  Some people appear to be more susceptible than others to the bacteria that cause gum disease because of a genetic predisposition.
  • ·  Dental implants look more natural than dentures, and many people are opting for them. Unfortunately, improperly inserted dental implants can cause or exacerbate periodontal disease. If you are interested in implants, consult an implant specialist.
  • ·  Researcher are studying a possible link between hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and a decrease in tooth loss. Researchers at Harvard Medical School and Brigham & Women’s Hospital in Boston found a 24 percent decrease in tooth loss among women using HRT. It is suspected that this may be because HRT aids in protecting against bone loss of bone-mineral density in the jaw. HRT is not without its risks, however, some of them potentially serious.